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PID程序参考

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发表于 2013-7-12 11:10:19 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
========================================第1页========================================
PID
算法(
c
语言
)
(来自老外)

(2010-02-17 00:18:24)
转载

#include <stdio.h>
#include<math.h>
//定义PID的结构体
struct _pid
{
int pv; //integer that contains the process value 过
程量
int sp; //*integer that contains the set point   设
定值
float integral; // 积分值 -- 偏差累计值
float pgain;
float igain;
float dgain;
int deadband;    //死区
int last_error;
};

struct _pid warm,*pid;
int process_point, set_point,dead_band;
========================================第2页========================================
float p_gain, i_gain, d_gain,
integral_val,new_integ;;

//------------------------
----------------------
pid_init DESCRIPTION This function initializes the
pointers in the _pid structure to the
process variable

and the
setpoint
.
*pv and *sp are integer pointers
.
//------------------------
----------------------

void pid_init(struct _pid *warm, int process_point,
int set_point)
{
struct _pid *pid;
pid = warm;
pid->pv = process_point;
pid->sp = set_point;
}

//------------------------
----------------------
========================================第3页========================================
pid_tune DESCRIPTION Sets the proportional gain
(p_gain), integral gain (i_gain),
derivitive gain (d_gain), and the dead band (dead_band)
of a pid control structure _pid.  

设定PID参数 ---- P,I,D,死区

//------------------------
----------------------

void pid_tune(struct _pid *pid, float p_gain, float
i_gain, float d_gain, int dead_band)
{
pid->pgain = p_gain;
pid->igain = i_gain;
pid->dgain = d_gain;
pid->deadband = dead_band;
pid->integral= integral_val;
pid->last_error=0;
}

//------------------------
----------------------
========================================第4页========================================
pid_setinteg DESCRIPTION Set a new value for the
integral term of the pid equation.
This is useful for setting the initial output of the
pid controller at start up.


设定输出初始值

//------------------------
----------------------

void pid_setinteg(struct _pid *pid,float new_integ)
{
pid->integral = new_integ;
pid->last_error = 0;
}

//------------------------
----------------------
pid_bumpless DESCRIPTION Bumpless transfer
algorithim.
When suddenly changing setpoints, or when restarting
the PID equation after an extended pause,
the derivative of the equation can cause a bump in the
========================================第5页========================================
controller output. This function will help smooth out
that bump.
The process value in *pv should be the updated just
before this function is used.


pid_bumpless 实现无扰切换
当突然改变设定值时,或重新启动后,将引起扰动输出。这
个函数将能实现平顺扰动,在调用该函数之前需要先更新PV


//------------------------
----------------------

void pid_bumpless(struct _pid *pid)
{
pid->last_error = (pid->sp)-(pid->pv);  
//设定值与反
馈值偏差
}

//------------------------
----------------------
pid_calc DESCRIPTION
Performs PID calculations
for the
_pid structure *a.
========================================第6页========================================
This function uses the positional form of the pid
equation, and incorporates an integral windup
prevention algorithim.
Rectangular integration is used, so this function must
be repeated on a consistent time basis for accurate
control.
RETURN VALUE The new output value for the pid loop.
USAGE #include "control.h"

本函数使用位置式PID计算方式,并且采取了积分饱和限制
运算
PID计算
//------------------------
----------------------

float pid_calc(struct _pid *pid)

int err;
float pterm, dterm, result, ferror;

// 计算偏差
err = (pid->sp) - (pid->pv);

========================================第7页========================================
// 判断是否大于死区

if (abs(err) > pid->deadband)
{
ferror = (float) err;   //do integer to float
conversion only once 数据类型转换

// 比例项
pterm = pid->pgain * ferror;

if (pterm > 100 || pterm < -100)
{
pid->integral = 0.0;
}
else
{

// 积分项
pid->integral += pid->igain * ferror;

// 输出为0--100%
// 如果计算结果大于100,则等于100
if (pid->integral > 100.0)
{
========================================第8页========================================
pid->integral = 100.0;
}
// 如果计算结果小于0.0,则等于0
else if (pid->integral < 0.0)
pid->integral = 0.0;

}


// 微分项
dterm = ((float)(err - pid->last_error)) * pid->dgain;

result = pterm + pid->integral + dterm;
}

else
result = pid->integral; // 在死区范围内,保持现有输



// 保存上次偏差
pid->last_error = err;

// 输出PID值(0-100)
return (result);
========================================第9页========================================
}

//------------------------
----------------------
void main(void)
{
float display_value;
int count=0;
pid = &warm;

// printf("Enter the values of Process point, Set
point, P gain, I gain, D gain \n");
// scanf("%d%d%f%f%f", &process_point, &set_point,
&p_gain, &i_gain, &d_gain);

// 初始化参数
process_point = 30;
set_point = 40;
p_gain = (float)(5.2);
i_gain = (float)(0.77);
d_gain = (float)(0.18);
dead_band = 2;
========================================第10页========================================

integral_val =(float)(0.01);

printf("The values of Process point, Set point, P gain,
I gain, D gain \n");
printf(" %6d %6d %4f %4f %4f\n", process_point,
set_point, p_gain, i_gain, d_gain);
printf("Enter the values of Process point\n");
while(count<=20)
{
scanf("%d",&process_point);

// 设定PV,SP值
pid_init(&warm, process_point, set_point);

// 初始化PID参数值
pid_tune(&warm, p_gain,i_gain,d_gain,dead_band);

// 初始化PID输出值
pid_setinteg(&warm,0.0);
//pid_setinteg(&warm,30.0);

========================================第11页========================================
//Get input value for process point
pid_bumpless(&warm);

// how to display output
display_value = pid_calc(&warm);


printf("%f\n", display_value);
//printf("\n%f%f%f%f",warm.pv,warm.sp,warm.igain,wa
rm.dgain);

count++;
}
}



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